Eid-Ul-Fitr: Date, history and significance

Eid ul Fitr is one of the most important festivals in the Islamic calendar, which marks the end of the month-long fasting period of Ramadan. In 2023, this festival is expected to be celebrated from April 21 Friday, to April 23, Sunday.

Here’s a detailed account of the significance and celebrations of Eid ul Fitr.

Significance of Eid ul Fitr

Eid ul Fitr, also known as the “Festival of Breaking the Fast,” is celebrated by Muslims worldwide with great joy and enthusiasm. It signifies the end of the holy month of Ramadan, during which Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset, abstain from worldly pleasures and devote themselves to prayer and introspection. The celebration of the festival is a way to express gratitude to Allah for His blessings. It symbolizes unity, brotherhood, and compassion.

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Preparations for Eid ul Fitr

The preparations for Eid ul Fitr begin a few days before the festival. Muslims clean and decorate their homes, and shop for new clothes and gifts for their family and friends. They also make arrangements for a special Eid prayer, which is offered in congregation at the mosque or a designated prayer ground.

On this day, Muslims wake up early in the morning, take a shower, and wear their best clothes. They apply perfume and recite the Takbir, which is the declaration of the greatness of Allah, as they make their way to the Eid prayer. In many countries, people decorate their streets and homes with lights and colorful decorations to celebrate the occasion.

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Preparations for Eid ul Fitr
Preparations for Eid ul Fitr

Festival celebrations

After the Eid prayer, Muslims exchange greetings with each other, saying “Eid Mubarak,” which means “Blessed Eid.” They then visit their relatives, friends, and neighbors, offer them sweets and other delicacies, and exchange gifts. It is a time to strengthen bonds and foster unity and brotherhood among the community.

One of the most significant aspects of this festival’s celebrations is the feast that follows. Muslims prepare a variety of delicious dishes and sweets, such as biryani, kebabs, and sheer khurma, to share with their family and friends. They also distribute food to the needy and less fortunate in the community. It is a way to express their gratitude and share their blessings with others.

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Apart from the food, Muslims also indulge in various recreational activities and games during the festival. It includes playing cricket or other sports, going on picnics, and watching movies. Many countries also organize fairs and carnivals to mark the occasion, which are attended by people of all ages.

Eid ul Fitr celebrations
Eid ul Fitr celebrations


This is a joyous occasion that is celebrated with great fervor and enthusiasm by Muslims all over the world. It is a time to express gratitude to Allah for His blessings, strengthen bonds with family and friends, and share the joy of the festival with the community. The celebrations are a reflection of the values of unity, compassion, and brotherhood that are inherent to the Islamic faith.

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